About

ABOUT ETNASHIRE

Etnashire is the result of unconditional passion and love for our territory.

Etna, our volcano, the exuberant giant whose majesty and story rich in myths and legends charms those who stop to admire it and remain speechless. Everything here is extreme. If you listen to Etna in silence, its sounds and immense power tell the thousand-year-old story of its legendary gods and continue to offer new amazing things to discover. Thanks to its indescribable landscape in continuous evolution, its biodiversity and its invaluable variety this territory and its products are unique in the world. Etnashire is going to take you on a trip through its colors, tastes and all its fabulous features.

Welcome to this unique universe of taste, fire and light!

THE ETNA TERRITORY

Between 500 and 1400 meters above sea level are the most important vineyards of the Etna winemaking industry, which in 1968 were granted the oldest designation of origin status (DOC) in Sicily. The link between the volcano and wine dates back to a very ancient time. Indeed, vine-shoots were found on Mount Etna that date back to the end of the Neolithic age and the beginning of the Iron Age, that is to four or five millennia ago. It was probably wild vine, which was later grown by the Mediterranean peoples who settled on the island. Indeed, it was the Phoenicians and later the Greeks who introduced new farming and production systems for wine, and traded it all over the Mediterranean area.

A UNIQUE LAND

A unique climate and soil determine the specificities of Etna grapes and wine. At the highest levels above the sea, temperatures vary considerably between day and night, reaching 13-15°C in July and August during veraison, and favoring a phenolic and aromatic ripening, which determines the color and taste of red grapes and the aroma of white ones. Volcanic soil (ripiddu) is rich in potassium (concentrations are double those in other soil types), which provides a balanced sugar content and a good acid-alcohol ratio.

NERELLO MASCALESE

Nerello mascalese is a typical vine of the slopes of Mount Etna.
It is grown between 350 and 1,000 meters above sea level and its name derives from its century-long growing in the volcanic and mostly sandy area of the Mascali County. Its grapes are light red and elongated. Their ripening is very slow and they are harvested between the second and third week of October. The wines produced with this vine have high alcohol content (13-14°) and a long ageing time. Their characteristics change considerably based on the sub-region and production year.

NERELLO CAPPUCCIO

Nerello cappuccio (also known as “Nerello mantellato”) is a vine grown on the slopes of Mount Etna, in the Province of Catania, between 350 and 900 meters above sea level, and accounts for 20% of the Etna DOC wine production.
It owes its name to the typical tree-shape of its plant. Its origin is unknown but it has been grown in this area for several centuries. For some time its production decreased year after year and some feared it would die out. Like nerello mascalese, it is harvested around mid-October.

CARRICANTE

Carricante (carricanti in Sicilian dialect), has always been grown only on Mount Etna. It is an ancient local vine variety commonly found on the East side of the mountain, usually on the highest lands where it was difficult to grow nerello mascalese or in mixed vineyards with nerello mascalese or minnella bianca (another local variety).